Major Tribes in Assam






















Different Tribes of Assam

Assam became the settling ground for many civilizations who came here through different routes as it was connected by land to many states and country. The tribes of Assam are predominantly Indo-Mogoloid; however characteristics of Austro-Asiatic are also noticeable. These tribes settles in this part of the world in different times in history. They made Assam there home and became an integral part of greater Assamese society. Whereas, a few resemblances exist among them, all of them have their own indigenous language, culture and history. In earlier times, the present Assam comprised of a lot of small territories rules independently by these tribes, and maintained a harmony with other tribes nearby. Intermixing was common among them, as most of them lived a similar lifestyle. According to some authors, no tribal culture in Assam is free from influence of the other cultures, however still maintains strong characteristic ingredients.

Major tribes of Assam earn their livelihood through agriculture, and have their own rich cultural identity. And because of geographic unity and acceptability to change and mix, they added quintessence to Assamese folk music, thus forming the soul of it. Mahapurux Sakardeva formally blended the more formal Indian Classical music, but while doing so, he maintained the traditional ingredients of the region. Gurujona's influence is even visible in some tribal folk music.

All tribes has their own music hence, indigenous musical instruments, used in different festivals. Under this category, the Musical instruments of the tribes are listed under page for the particular tribe.

  1. The Bodos
  2. The Mishings
  3. The Dimasas
  4. The Karbis
  5. The Tiwas
  6. The Tae- Phakes
  7. The Khamtis
  8. The Rabhas
  9. The Singphos
  10. The Khelmas
  11. The Kukis
  12. The Tea–Tribe
  13. The Sonowal Kacharis
  14. The Deuris